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Wolfe, Alan: The Culture of Cultural Studies

[Partisan Review, Summer 1996. © Alan Wolfe] “Cultural studies” is the latest wave to wash over humanities departments in the United States, following French literary theory and the new historicism. Inspired mostly by British writers such as Raymond Williams, Richard Hoggart, and Stuart Hall, cultural studies examines the ways popular culture shapes ordinary people’s perceptions of the world -and how it provides tools of “resistance” against the hierarchies of advanced capitalism. Although borrowing from its οwn coterie of Continental thinkers, especially Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault -let alone the theorists of the Frankfurt School- compared to the deterministic logic of poststructuralism, cultural studies is refreshingly humanistic. It is less pompous and can, at times, even display a sense of humor, and it recognizes the importance of writing in ways accessible to the uninitiated. The rise of cultural studies is a reaction among the politically engaged against the defeatism inherent in...

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Ward-Perkins, Bryan: The Impact of Christianity

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From The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. XIII. After Christianity became the usual religion of the emperors from 312 onwards, it spread more rapidly than before through the cities of the empire, and a gradual process began whereby the traditional pagan cults were starved of patronage by the civic and imperial authorities. Throughout the empire this change affected urban populations first, long before the new religion made any significant inroads into the countryside. The conversion of the towns was indeed the one essential step needed for the eventual spread of Christianity throughout society, since the conversion of the countryside was to be achieved partly through the influence of landowners and their building of estate-churches; most of these landowners probably acquired their new religion through exposure to it during sojourns in the cities. The demise of paganism and the spread of Christianity were by no means uniform processes, and even neighbouring civitates...

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Valery, Paul: Address on the Second World War

A Radio Address [September 1939] [From History and Politics, transl. Denis Folliot and Jackson Mathews; © Princeton University Press; published by permission] NOTHING today must be overlooked that can define and clarify in all minds -friend’s or enemy’s- the true nature of the war that has begun. It is important to France and her cause, which is the cause of all men worthy of the name, that for the eyes of the world the strongest light should be thrown on the conditions that made this war at first possible and then inevitable. These conditions can be summed up in a few words: this is a war between certain free countries and one that is not. What is a free country? It is a country in which there is reciprocity of service and obligation between the State and the individual. In a free country the State is not an island; it...

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Tonsor, Stephen J.: Tradition and the Crisis of Western Culture

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Jacob Burckhardt: Tradition and the Crisis of Western Culture From Modern Age, a Quarterly Review, vol.39, winter 1997. By the second half of the nineteenth century it was clear that the French Revolution had ushered in an era of cultural crisis unprecedented in nature. To a far greater extent than the Renaissance and Reformation the French Revolution broke the pattern of the past, overturned the previous religious, social and political order and promised a new and perfected humanity. The Jacobin terror, which became the revolution’s hallmark ushered in the tyranny of Napoleon. In the half century, which followed the French Revolution, wave after revolutionary wave challenged the stability of state and society in Europe and Latin America. Revolutionary equality became more important ideologically than liberty, and socialism promised the bright future, which the French Revolution failed to provide. The Restoration of the ancient order after 1815 was only partially successful...

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Tillinghast, Richard: W.B. Yeats, “The labyrinth of another’s being”

The New Criterion, Nov. 1997 THE VEILS surrounding the twentieth century’s greatest poet, William Butler Yeats, come in such degrees of thickness and coloration that we shall probably never see the man plain. The title of one of the first major critical studies, Yeats: The Μan and the Masks, by Richard Ellmann, addressed the questions of disguise and shifting identities-questions that have continued to engage commentators. Yeats’s early work planted so persuasively in readers’ minds a picture of the dreamer swathed in the mists of the Celtic Twilight that the conflicting reality of him as a man of the world, a shrewd man of business keenly aware of cash flow, has come as a surprise and even a betrayal of some readers’ images of him. Yeats went to his grave a convinced occultist and believer in the spirit world. Recent biography reveals that this mystic was also skillful at self-promotion,...

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Tarkovsky, Andrei: Sculpting in Time

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Translated by Kitty Hunter-Blair, University of Texas Press, 1987. Today it seems to me far more important to talk not so much about art in general or the function of cinema in particular, as about life itself; for the artist who is not conscious of its meaning is unlikely to be capable of making any coherent statement in the language of his own art. I have therefore decided to complete this book with some brief reflections on the problems of our time as they confront me now; on those aspects of them that seem to me fundamental, with a bearing beyond the present moment, to the meaning of our existence. In order to define my own tasks, not only as an artist but, above all, as a person, I found myself having to look at the general state of our civilisation and the personal responsibility of every individual as participant...

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Shattuck, Roger: Faustian Man

An extract from Forbidden Knowledge. From Prometheus to Pornography, St Martin’s Press, New York , ISBN 0-312-14602-7 Το a remarkable degree, the opening scenes in Faust’s study recapitulate the first two parts of Descartes’ Discourse οn Method. Descartes tells us how he abandoned the study of literature, mathematics, theology, philosophy, law, medicine, and rhetoric for more practical knowledge to be gained from travel, experience, and common sense. Faust tells us that he has an advanced degree in all those fields. The difference between the two stories lies in their timing, in where they pick up the thread of the action. We come upon Faust in his study just when he is impatiently trying to break out of his musty learning in order to seek a life of action. We come upon Descartes just as he settles back into his study (poκle) after years of soldiering and travel. What Descartes describes...

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Royal, Robert: Τhe other Camus

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The Wilson Quarterly, Autumn 1995, Washington, D.C. Albert Camus died in literature’s most stunning car crash on January 4, 1960; he had lived in two very different worlds. One extended into the highest reaches of French intellectual and political life and brought him fame and honors, including the 1957 Nobel Prize for literature. The other was that of the lower-class European workers in the Belcourt quarter of Algiers where Camus was reared, a world of “poverty and sunlight.” Even the details of his death reflected his movement between these two worlds. Returning from a vacation in the south of France with Michel Gallimard, scion of the prestigious Parisian publishing family, Camus died instantly when Gallimard lost control of his Facel Vega and struck a tree. (Gallimard died several days later.) Camus’s body, accompanied by only a few family members and close friends, was taken back to the cemetery at Lourmarin,...

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Ευρωπαϊκή Ολοκλήρωση

41 διακεκριμένοι ειδικοί, μέλη της ελληνικής επιστημονικής κοινότητας των Ευρωπαϊκών Σπουδών, τιμούν τον Παναγιώτη Κ. Ιωακειμίδη, συνεπή οραματιστή και ακτιβιστή υπέρ της ενωμένης Ευρώπης. Επί τέσσερις δεκαετίες, ο Παναγιώτης Κ. Ιωακειμίδης συμβάλλει ενεργά στη χάραξη της εθνικής στρατηγικής απέναντι στην ευρωπαϊκή ολοκλήρωση και τη συνεχή εξέλιξή της. Πέρα από διαμορφωτής πολιτικής, ως δημόσιος διανοούμενος βρίσκεται στο επίκεντρο του δημόσιου διαλόγου στη χώρα μας σχετικά με την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση και τον ευρωπαϊκό ρόλο της Ελλάδας, ενώ γενιές φοιτητών πρωτογνώρισαν την ευρωπαϊκή ολοκλήρωση μέσω της πανεπιστημιακής διδασκαλίας του.

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"Καλησπέρα σας κύριε Σεφέρη"

«Ο Σεφέρης εκεί, άλλοτε σκοτεινός, άλλοτε ευανάγνωστος διέτρεχε τα χρόνια, πιο πολύ στα δύσκολα, πιο αραιά στα εύκολα, σύντροφος στα κουπιά. Πάντοτε όμως, ένας οικείος άγνωστος. Πώς θα ήταν, αναρωτήθηκα, αν άνοιγα μια κουβέντα μαζί του; Να του ζητήσω να μας πει για τη Σμύρνη, το φευγιό για την Αθήνα, την ποίηση, τη διχασμένη του καρδιά, για την πολιτική, την Κύπρο που λάτρεψε, τον Θεόφιλο και τον Μακρυγιάννη, τη μουσική, την Μαρώ, το γυρισμό του ξενιτεμένου, τον ελληνισμό στον οποίον πίστεψε τόσο πολύ;»

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Στο βιβλίο αυτό παρατίθενται όλες οι αρχαίες πηγές και οι επιστημονικές θεωρίες που έχουν διατυπωθεί για τη Mάχη του Μαραθώνα, συμπεριλαμβανομένης της άποψης του συγγραφέα, η οποία βασίζεται στις γραπτές μαρτυρίες και κυρίως στην αφήγηση του Ηρόδοτου. Πλήρης βιβλιογραφία, από το 17ο αιώνα μέχρι σήμερα, και σπάνιοι χάρτες, συμπληρώνουν την έκδοση.

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