Category: The Struggle for Europe

Karamanlis, Konstantinos: The Ideal of a United Europe

(A Speech Delivered at the Townhall of Aachen,in 1978, on the occasion of his being honored with the Charlemagne Prize (Federal German Republic) created in 1949 to be awarded annually by the West German city…

The Struggle for Europe
Havel, Vaclav: The Power of Dreaming

Havel, Vaclav: The Power of Dreaming

Speech to Council of Europe Assembly, Strasbourg, 10 May 1990. [The collapse of Communism in central and eastern Europe revealed a deep longing among the newly liberated populations to reunite with the European mainstream. This…

Havel, Vaclav: Europe as task

by Vaclav Havel, President of the Czech Republic An Address in Aachen on May 15, 1996. Full text, Published by permission I RECENTLY tried to ascertain where Europe’s name came from. I was somewhat surprised…

The Struggle for Europe
Hamesse, Maurice: Towards the future

Hamesse, Maurice: Towards the future

Vers l’avenir, États-unis d’Europe, vol. 2, No. 7, April 1948. From W.Lipgens and W. Loth, Documents on the History of European Integration, De Gruyter, 1988 So the countries of Western Europe that are still free…

The Struggle for Europe
Gorbachev, Mikhail: The Common European Home

Gorbachev, Mikhail: The Common European Home

Extract of speech to Assembly of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 6 July 1989. [The rise to power of Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s, and his policies of perestroika (reform) and Glasnost (openness) opened up…

The Struggle for Europe
Duverger, Maurice: No Europe without Germany

Duverger, Maurice: No Europe without Germany

Pas d’ Europe sans d’Allemagne , Le Monde, 9 Sept. 1947 (slightly abridged). From W.Lipgens and W. Loth, Documents on the History of European Integration, De Gruyter, 1988 When Europe is being reconstructed under the…

The Struggle for Europe
Drakopoulos, Pan: The Way to Unity

Drakopoulos, Pan: The Way to Unity

[Extract from Pan Drakopoulos, The Biography of Europe ©] 1915: Fr. Naumann: Mitteleuropa Friedrich Naumann courageously publishes his book Mitteleuropa in time of war. Having the history of Zollverein (German integration) on his mind, he…

The Struggle for Europe
Domenach, Jean-Marie: What kind of Europe?

Domenach, Jean-Marie: What kind of Europe?

‘Quelle Europe?’, Esprit No 150, Nov. 1948 (extracts). From W.Lipgens and W. Loth, Documents on the History of European Integration, De Gruyter, 1988 (…) European federalism, as it is expounded by the associations concerned and…